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MBD Nutritionís capacity to produce highly nutritious animal rations offers improved environmental outcomes as well as a ready new source of nutritious animal feed.
Each year around the world more than 50 billion chickens are produced for meat or to produce eggs - and with the global human population rising by some 60 million annually - demand for chickens is also set to rise year upon year. Currently, the greatest production cost is the protein meal typically used to fatten chickens. The most efficient production units consume about 1.6 kilograms of feed to produce each kilogram of chicken. MBD Energy and its leading animal husbandry feed research partners believe algae feed pellets and meal may hold the key to substantially increasing the pipeline of feed required to satisfy growing global demand. This is because healthy poultry require a sufficient amount of protein and carbohydrates, along with the necessary vitamins and dietary minerals. Algae feed is an excellent source of each of these essentials. Currently, the two most commonly used feed grains for chickens are maize and soya bean. The United States is by far the largest exporter of both, averaging about half of the global maize trade and 40% of the global soya trade up to 2012. Alternate use of algae feed will free-up cropping lands to produce essential grains for direct human consumption.
Humans need animals for protein and animals require suitable feed in order to gain weight with miximum efficiency. Feed grains are by far the most important source of animal feed globally and growing demand requires additional sustainable sources of nutrition are established. The amount of grain used to produce each unit of animal weight is significant and generally reflects the biggest single production cost for farmers. Fattened cattle and sheep need about 8 kilograms of grain for every kilogram of meat they produce. Farmed poultry and fish are also typically fed on grains. This algae provides essential amino acids, fatty acids, minerals, pigments and other nutritional compounds that help to improve feed to meat conversion ratios and save costs.
Intensive farming operations (IFOs) have rapidly come to characterise animal production in many developed countries, where meat, dairy and fish demand is increasingly being met by large, clean and highly efficient production facilities. Integral to this approach is dependency on specially formulated feeds that meet, or exceed, the dietary profiles of animals raised in more traditional farm settings.
Algae have a naturally sound nutritional value, producing essential high-value compounds through specific metabolic processes and in particular, they provide omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids. Algae contain Iron, Iodine, Magnesium, Calcium and macro-nutri¨ents (Carbon, Nitrogen, Phosphorous), which contribute to protec¨tion against disease and healthy growth and weight gain in animals.
|Protein||15-40g / 100g||10-80g / 100g|
|Carbohydrates||20-40g / 100g||10-30g / 100g|
|Dietary Fibre||30-60g / 100g||2-4g / 100g|
|Lipids (Oils)||2-10g / 100g||10-50g / 100g|
|Pigments||Chlorophyll and Carotenoids||Chlorophyll and Carotenoids|
B12(Cobalamine),C, Folic acid
B12(Cobalamine),C, Folic acid, K
|Enzymes||Super Oxide Dismutase (S.O.D)
|Super Oxide Dismutase (S.O.D)
|Amino Acids||Essential Amino Acids||Essential Amino Acids|
|Minerals||Potassium, Iron, Manganese,
Calcium, Magnesium, Iodine, Zinc
|Potassium, Iron, Manganese,
Calcium, Magnesium, Iodine, Zinc
Feed mixes containing the controlled levels of proteins and nutrients required to efficiently and safely fatten lambs and sheep need no longer compete with humans for valuable grains. Particular strains of algae have the necessary nutritional profiles routinely demanded by the growing sheep trade.
Cattle fattened in feedlots are fed small amounts of hay or straw supplemented with grain, soy and other ingredients in order to increase the energy density of the diet. These costly ingredients can now be supplemented, or even replaced, by specially formulated feed mixes containing nutritious algae meal.